Johann Friedrich Heinrich WOHLERS

(1811 - 1885)
Rev. Johann F H WOHLERS
(1811-1885)
Johann Friedrich Heinrich WOHLERS was born in Bucken, Hoya, on 1 October 1811.1 and was baptised on 16 October 1811 in Bucken.1

Johann married Eliza HANHAM on 21 September 1849 in New Zealand.2

He signed a will dated 10 December 1881 in Invercargill, Southland, in which he willed all his belongings to his wife Eliza and named her as sole executrix.3

Johann died on 7 May 1885 in The Neck, Stewart Island, at age 73.3 He was buried at the Ringa Ringa Burial Ground.4

His will was probated in Invercargill, Southland, on 3 August 1885 with Eliza HANHAM appointed executrix of an estate whose inventory showed bank accounts amounting to £1356/19/9 (less bills of £404), furniture and household goods, 500 sheep, 45 shares in South NZ Finance & Loan Building and Agency Co., and three land-holdings at New River.3

The following biography was compiled by his gt-grand-daughter, Sheila Traill: "Johann Friedrich Heinrich Wohlers, known in New Zealand as John Frederick Henry Wohlers, was born on 1 October 1811 at Mahlenstorf, a village several miles from Bremen in north Germany. He was the son of Johann Gerd Wohlers, a farmer, and his second wife, Margareta Adelheid Ahlers. Young Wohlers was sent to school at nearby Hoyerhagen and while there he lived with his maternal grandmother. On a visit to Vilsen he picked up a German translation of a religious tract and decided to become a missionary. Encouraged by fundamentalist Christians in Bremen, he attended the Hamburg school of the North German Mission Society from 1837 to 1842, and was ordained in August 1842.

On Boxing Day 1842 he embarked on the emigrant ship St Pauli , with three other mission trainees, J. H. Trost, J. F. Riemenschneider and J. W. C. Heine, bound for New Zealand. The immigrants' arrival in Nelson in June 1843 coincided with the Wairau confrontation. Wohlers was one of the few Europeans in sympathy with the Maori involved. The CMS missionary C. L. Reay, the Wesleyan missionary John Aldred, and Wohlers's colleague, Heine, were already established in Nelson, so Wohlers shared with other German immigrants a demoralising attempt at self-supporting farm work in the flood prone Moutere district, while awaiting an opportunity to set up his own mission. In March 1844 he accepted Frederick Tuckett's invitation to sail on the schooner Deborah in an expedition to find a site for the proposed New Edinburgh (Dunedin) settlement. At Port Cooper (Lyttelton) in April he met the chief Tuhawaiki and discussed the possibility of a mission in the south. On 17 May 1844 Wohlers began his 41-year residence on the small island of Ruapuke in Foveaux Strait.

Wohlers's new parish took in, besides Ruapuke's half dozen small villages, all the Stewart Island coastal settlements and those on the other shore from Bluff to Moeraki. Pastoral visits were made on foot and by open whaleboat. The mission enjoyed considerable mana. Ruapuke was without strong leadership after the death in July 1844 of Tuhawaiki, and welcomed the missionary for whom that chief had long been asking. Wohlers set about learning the Maori language and becoming acquainted with local customs. In 1846 he built a church and in 1848 was joined by an assistant, Brother Abraham Honoré, from Jutland. His workload increased in 1849 when he accepted appointments as deputy registrar of births, deaths and marriages for the district of Foveaux Strait, and officiating minister under the Marriage Ordinance.

Wohlers's arrival at Ruapuke coincided with the decline of the whaling industry. Pakeha seamen, who had originally settled on Codfish Island with Maori women, had become boatbuilders and vegetable growers in small settlements on both shores of Foveaux Strait. They supplemented this work with seasonal whaling and, occasionally, sealing. Wohlers noticed that those villages with Pakeha men had more children, and that the children were healthy in comparison with the offspring of Maori partnerships. This he put down to the well-ordered households insisted on by the Pakeha men, and the addition of potatoes and greens to the local diet. He longed to see the Foveaux Strait children educated, but it was to be many years before this goal was achieved.

Wohlers's task was not easy. At times he came close to leaving the mission and hiring himself out as a farmhand; the North German Mission Society, though enlightened in its unsectarian policy, offered practically no financial support to its migrant missionaries. Hamburg businessmen who had formed a colonising society based on the New Zealand Company's programme had given the mission officials an unrealistic view of colonial New Zealand. The missionaries were trained in the useful arts and received a sound general education as well as doctrinal instruction. It was expected that the Lord would provide.

Wohlers needed assistance in the practical aspects of mission life: he sought a wife who would support him in his work, and provide him with companionship. He married Eliza Palmer on 21 September 1849 in Wellington. She was the widow of Richard Woodcock Palmer, a carpenter, whom she had married on 27 September 1838 at Bridport, Dorset, England. She had arrived in New Zealand with her first husband on the Slains Castle in 1841 and had acquired fluency in Maori language. Baptised on 6 September 1812 at Bridport, the daughter of Hannah Hinde and her husband, William Hanham, a labourer, she was an accomplished dressmaker, kind, pious, firm and severely practical, an ideal helpmeet for Wohlers who needed someone with 'the courage of a Rebecca…and the mind of a Martha'. Eliza Wohlers's domestic skills soon made life on Ruapuke more comfortable for all the inhabitants, and Wohlers's health, which had suffered during the early years, improved. Souls aside, the Wohlers undoubtedly saved lives. Eliza Wohlers was kept busy with medicine chest, scrubbing-brush and broom, caring for and counselling people in their own homes, and taking orphans and other needy youngsters into her own. This work she later shared with her daughter Gretchen, also known as Margaret, born at Ruapuke on 31 January 1853. 'I think they love us all', she wrote to the North German Mission Society.

In 1868 a government-funded native school opened on Ruapuke Island, and Wohlers, his wife and daughter were in charge of it from 1870 until 1884. Earlier attempts to establish a mission school had met with mixed fortune. Wohlers always loved learning better than farming, but nevertheless he succeeded in introducing a payable wheat crop to Ruapuke. In this he was greatly helped by ploughs and other equipment donated by his old friend Frederick Tuckett. In education and agriculture Wohlers's contribution was not of lasting benefit. After his death Ruapuke's population declined: the school closed, and much of the land gradually reverted to scrub. His enduring legacy was a huge body of manuscript and published writings. He left, in reports to Germany and letters to W. B. D. Mantell and F. Tuckett, a full account of life and lore in the south. He corresponded with Julius Haast on scientific matters and sent specimens of fauna to the Canterbury Museum. Often Wohlers wrote down Maori traditions and mythology and in some cases arranged for their publication. He provided George Grey with some of the information used in Polynesian mythology. He also wrote an account of his life, Erinnerungen aus meinem Leben , which was published in German in 1883 and in English in 1895 as Memories of the life of J. F. H. Wohlers .

It is difficult to assess the impact of Wohlers's religious teachings on the Maori. There was no word for 'hope' in the local dialect; the dying, formerly left to themselves with a cold potato and a drink of water, may well have felt that Wohlers's 'lieber Gott' had something to offer. Whatever the case, when Wohlers himself died at The Neck, Stewart Island, on 7 May 1885, those he left behind were inconsolable. Eliza Wohlers died 6½ years later, on 14 December 1891, at Thornbury, Southland. Husband and wife are buried at Ringaringa, Stewart Island, across the water from Ruapuke."5

Family

Eliza HANHAM (c 1812 - 1891)
Child

Citations

  1. [S95] Birth - Johann Friedrich Heinrich Wohlers (1 Oct 1811).
  2. [S443] CD - NZ Marriages, CD - NZ Marriages 1836-1956 V2, NZ Registrar General's Folio 371.
  3. [S800] National Archives - NZ Archives (Archway), Dunedin probate record, Item R22106746, Agency DAFG, Accession D328, series 9071, box 319, record 204, images 268-282, digital folder no. 102239449.
  4. [S750] Southland District Council Cemetery database, at http://www.southlanddc.govt.nz/my-southland/cemeteries-/…, Wohlers Memorial.
  5. [S288] Book - Dr Claudia Orange General Editor Dictionary of NZ Biography, Vol 1, 1992, Compiled by Sheila Natusch (Traill), updated 4 April 2003, URL: http://www.dnzb.govt.nz/.

Ernest A WOOD1

Ernest's marriage to Irene Victoria WICKS, daughter of Ernest Edward WICKS and Sarah Ann MURPHY, was registered between April 1921 and June 1921 in Portsmouth, Hampshire.1

Family

Irene Victoria WICKS (1887 - 1947)
ChartsWicks descendant chart

Citations

  1. [S190] Index - GRO and Office of National Statistics, England & Wales Civil Registration Qtrly Indexes, Marriage: District of Portsmouth, Vol 2b, p1000, 2Q1921.

John WOOD1,2

Family

Rachel Ann Sophia SUTTON (c 1797 - 1886)
Child

Citations

  1. [S284] Index - New South Wales BDMs online, at http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au, Birth Reg. No. V18341033 19/1834.
  2. [S312] Electronic Files - A Robinson, and subsequent correspondence.

Lydia M WOOD1,2

Lydia's marriage to Reginald Biggs CLARKE, son of Samuel Ludbrook CLARKE and Mary Lee (Hannah) CHRISTOPHER, was registered between January 1911 and March 1911 in Kensington, London, Middlesex. There were no children from this marriage.1,2

She was widowed on the death of her husband Reginald on 25 May 1919.3,4,5

She was appointed administrator of an unknown person 's estate in London on 28 June 1919.5

Family

Reginald Biggs CLARKE (1871 - 1919)
ChartsStephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S312] Electronic Files - A Robinson, and subsequent correspondence.
  2. [S190] Index - GRO and Office of National Statistics, England & Wales Civil Registration Qtrly Indexes, Marriage: District of Kensngton, Vol 1a, p282, 1Q1911.
  3. [S265] Book - Edgar T. Jones, George & Martha Clarke Family Tree, p18.
  4. [S190] Index - GRO and Office of National Statistics, England & Wales Civil Registration Qtrly Indexes, Death: District of Lambeth, Vol 1d, p201, 2Q1919, aged 47, under CLARK.
  5. [S677] Index - England High Court of Justice, England & Wales National Probate Calendar, administration granted in London to Lydia Mary CLARKE, widow.

Susannah Frances WOOD1

(1834 - 1890)
Father*John WOOD2,1
Mother*Rachel Ann Sophia SUTTON2,1 b. c 1797, d. 1886
Susannah Frances WOOD was born on 13 June 1834 in Sydney, New South Wales.2,3,1

She married Edward Blomfield CLARKE, son of George CLARKE and Martha Elizabeth BLOMFIELD, in Sydney, New South Wales, in 1857. There were no children from this marriage.4,5,1

She died on 17 December 1890 in Auckland at age 56.3,1,6 She was buried at the St. Stephens churchyard, Judges Bay in Parnell.7,1

Family

Edward Blomfield CLARKE (1831 - 1900)
ChartsStephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S312] Electronic Files - A Robinson, and subsequent correspondence.
  2. [S284] Index - New South Wales BDMs online, at http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au, Birth Reg. No. V18341033 19/1834.
  3. [S309] Cemetery Marker - , Waimate Nth Church.
  4. [S268] Book - Cyclopedia Company Ltd, The Cyclopedia of New Zealand, Vol 2.
  5. [S284] Index - New South Wales BDMs online, at http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au, Marriage Reg. No. 356/1857.
  6. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1890/4612.
  7. [S265] Book - Edgar T. Jones, George & Martha Clarke Family Tree, p40.

Lawrence Raynor WOODHAM1

(1892 - 1974)
Lawrence Raynor WOODHAM was born on 22 July 1892 in New Zealand.1,2

He married Emma WICKS, daughter of Sidney Buckingham WICKS and Harriet TIPPETT, in New Zealand in 1924.3 He was buried on 21 March 1974 at the Rotorua Cemetery, Sala St in Rotorua.4

He died on 21 March 1974 in Rotorua, Bay of Plenty, at age 81.5,4

Family

Emma WICKS (1897 - 1970)
ChartsWicks descendant chart

Citations

  1. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Birth Reg. No. 1892/271, son of George William and Harriet.
  2. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1974/37994 gives this birthdate.
  3. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Marriage Reg. No. 1924/622.
  4. [S866] Rotorua Lakes Council Cemetery database, at http://cem.rdc.govt.nz/cemeterysearch/default.html, Block 7, Section 46, plot 3.
  5. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1974/37994.

Elinor Violet Croyden (Nellie) WOOLLEY1

(1881 - 1961)
Elinor Violet Croyden (Nellie) WOOLLEY was born in 1881 in New Zealand.2

She married Arnold George PICKMERE, son of Ralph PICKMERE and Serena Hannah MATTHEWS, in New Zealand in 1906.3,1,4,5

She died in 1961 in New Zealand.6 She was buried in Panmure.7,1

Family

Arnold George PICKMERE (1873 - 1925)
Children
ChartsStephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S312] Electronic Files - A Robinson, and subsequent correspondence.
  2. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Birth Reg. No. 1881/109.
  3. [S263] Book - A.H. Pickmere, Pioneer Families in Northland.
  4. [S443] CD - NZ Marriages, CD - NZ Marriages 1836-1956 V2, NZ Registrar General's Folio 315.
  5. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Marriage Reg. No. 1906/1674.
  6. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 1961/31475.
  7. [S295] Interview - A Robinson, From Stuart & Marguerite Pickmere, Hamilton, 2 Feb 1998.

Ailsa Isabell WOOLVEN

(1923 - 2017)
Ailsa Isabell WOOLVEN was born on 15 January 1923.1

She married Michael Kempthorne HANAN, son of Frederick Arthur HANAN and Ida Helen DEWES, in New Zealand in 1945.2

Ailsa died on 24 January 2017 in Tauranga at age 94.3,4

Family

Michael Kempthorne HANAN (1917 - 2002)
ChartsAlexander Macdonald (1813-1888) descendancy
Stephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 2017/2474 gives this birthdate.
  2. [S443] CD - NZ Marriages, CD - NZ Marriages 1836-1956 V2, NZ Registrar General's Folio 9654.
  3. [S1131] MemoryTree NZ, at http://www.amemorytree.co.nz/index.php, aged 93, Legacy Funerals.
  4. [S542] Index - New Zealand BDMs online, at http://www.bdmhistoricalrecords.dia.govt.nz/, Death Reg. No. 2017/2474.

Charles Henry WRATHALL1

(c 1884 - 1952)
Charles Henry WRATHALL was born circa 1884 in Whangaroa.1

He married Charlotte WICKS, daughter of Sidney Buckingham WICKS and Harriet TIPPETT, at Bainbridge Memorial Church in Rotorua, Bay of Plenty, on 3 May 1909.2

Charles gives his occupation as 'coachdriver' on the marriage certificate, but at the time of his death is described as a retired tobacconist.2,3

He died on 11 October 1952 at Dominion Rd in Auckland, Auckland.4,3 His ashes were buried at Waikumete Cemetery in Waitakere.5

Family

Charlotte WICKS (c 1891 - 1946)
ChartsWicks descendant chart

Citations

  1. [S924] BDM Registrar of New Zealand, marriage record, Reg. No. 1909/1377; he is the son of William Edward Wrathall (bush contractor) and Mary Jane Austin.
  2. [S924] BDM Registrar of New Zealand, marriage record, Reg. No. 1909/1377; Charlotte claims to be 20, and living in Rotorua; she also states her father's occupation as 'carrier', which matches that of George Weston at this time.
  3. [S569] Waikumete Cemetery database, at http://www.waitakere.govt.nz/cnlser/cm/cemeterysearch/…
  4. [S705] Newspaper - Auckland Herald, Issue of 13 Oct 1952, "A pedestrian was killed when he was struck by a car in Dominion Road, near the intersection of Tennyson Street, at 8 pm on Saturday night. He was Mr Charles Henry Wrathall, widower, aged 68 years, retired Greenkeeper, of 13 Carmen Ave, Balmoral, Auckland."
  5. [S569] Waikumete Cemetery database, at http://www.waitakere.govt.nz/cnlser/cm/cemeterysearch/…, Columbarium Niche Wall Old, row B, plot 487.

Hannah WRIGHT1

(1811 - 1846)
Hannah WRIGHT was born in 1811 in Yorkshire.2

Hannah married Stephen Edward BLOMFIELD, son of Ezekiel BLOMFIELD and Mary FUNNELL, on 25 October 1840 at Mount Scion Chapel in Sheffield, Yorkshire.1

Hannah's death was registered between January 1846 and March 1846 in Doncaster, Yorkshire (West Riding).1,3

Family

Stephen Edward BLOMFIELD (1810 - 1859)
ChartsStephen Blomfield (c1750?-1809) descendancy

Citations

  1. [S482] Email - R Macdonald, email and other correspondence to D Ferguson, 12 Dec 2006 onwards.
  2. [S482] Email - R Macdonald, email and other correspondence to D Ferguson, 12 Dec 2006 onwards, parents Robert WRIGHT and Ellen BARBER.
  3. [S190] Index - GRO and Office of National Statistics, England & Wales Civil Registration Qtrly Indexes, Death: District of Doncaster, Vol 22, p64, 1Q1846.